A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Usually hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 130/80, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 180/120. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke. Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly, and taking medications can help lower blood pressure.
- Very common
- More than 3 million US cases per year
- Treatable by a medical professional
- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Lab tests or imaging not required
- Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong